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Saturday, August 1, 2020 | History

5 edition of White matter in cognitive neuroscience found in the catalog.

White matter in cognitive neuroscience

advances in diffusion tensor imaging and its applications

  • 309 Want to read
  • 7 Currently reading

Published by New York Academy of Sciences in New York .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Brain -- Magnetic resonance imaging -- Congresses.,
  • Diffusion tensor imaging -- Congresses.,
  • Myelinated neurofibrils -- Congresses.,
  • Brain -- Congresses.,
  • Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging -- Congresses.,
  • Neurosciences -- Congresses.

  • Edition Notes

    Statementedited by John L. Ulmer ... [et al.].
    GenreCongresses.
    SeriesAnnals of the New York Academy of Sciences ;, v. 1064
    ContributionsUlmer, John L.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsQ11 .N5 vol. 1064, RC386.6.M34 .N5 vol. 1064
    The Physical Object
    Paginationp. ;
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL3411316M
    ISBN 101573315451, 157331546X
    LC Control Number2005027371

      How reading rewires your brain for higher intelligence and empathy Get lost in a good book. Time and again, reading has been shown to make us .   Consistent with these findings, two studies that applied tractography on DT-MRI data to calculate integrity indices for specific white matter tracts found positive correlations between cognitive Cited by:

    Basic Neuroscience of White Matter % of the adult brain volume is occupied by white matter White matter consists of myelinated axons, glial cells, and blood vessels There are ~ 85, miles of myelinated axons in the human cerebrum Efficient information transfer between brain regions is only possible through.   Intelligence In Men And Women Is A Gray And White Matter Date: Janu Source: University Of California, Irvine Summary: While there are essentially no disparities in general intelligence.

    White matter changes in patients with cognitive impairment - clinical and pathophysiological aspects Michael Jonsson, MD UNIVERSITY OF GOTHENBURG Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology Department of Psychiatry and Neurochemistry The Sahlgrenska Academy University of Gothenburg File Size: KB.   Connection between integrity of brain's white matter, cognitive health Date: April 7, Source: University of Kentucky Summary: A connection between the health of the brain tissue that supports.


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White matter in cognitive neuroscience Download PDF EPUB FB2

Whereas the cerebral cortex has long been regarded by neuroscientists as the major locus of cognitive function, the white matter of the brain is increasingly recognized as equally critical for cognition. White matter comprises half of the brain, has expanded more than gray White matter in cognitive neuroscience book in evolution, and forms an indispensable component of distributed Cited by: White Matter in Cognitive Neurosciences (Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences) 1st Edition by Cooley's Anemia Symposium Lake Buen (Author), Elliott P.

Vichinsky (Author), John L. Ulmer (Editor) & 0 moreFormat: Hardcover. White matter brain disease results in the degeneration of white matter, which creates a large portion of the brain.

The primary form of white matter brain disease is multiple sclerosis, which results in the destruction of the myelin sheath multiple sclerosis, there is defective formation or maintenance of the myelin because of dysfunction of the.

Cognitive neuroscience addresses age effect on different cognitive functions (Antonenko and Flöel, ). Nowadays, the breakthrough in this field is related to the aim of establishing the extremely complex network of brain regions implicated and how they are modified by the ageing process, the type of task and pathologies like dementia.

In order to characterize white matter microstructure, the diffusion tensor metric was introduced (Basser and others ; Pierpaoli and others ).The diffusion tensor is calculated on a voxel-by-voxel basis to quantify the degree of anisotropy as well as provide structural orientation information (Jones and Leemans ).Diffusion can be characterized using six parameters Cited by: The Behavioral Neurology of White Matter surveys this broad and fascinating field from a clinical perspective.

Stimulated by recent improvements in neuroimaging, white matter has been carefully studied, and its role in the operations of cognition and 5/5(2). ISBN: X OCLC Number: Notes: "Result of a workshop entitled White Matter in the Cognitive Neurosciences: Advances in Diffusion Tensor Imaging and Its Applications, held August, at the New York Academy of Sciences in New York City"--Table of contents.

ANNALS OF THE NEW YORK ACADEMY OF SCIENCES Volume December WHITE MATTER IN COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE: Advances in Diffusion Tensor Imaging and Its Applications Editors John L.

Ulmer, Lawrence Parsons, Michael Moseley, and John Gabrieli This volume is the result of a workshop entitled White Matter in the Cognitive Neurosciences:.

White matter refers to areas of the central nervous system (CNS) that are mainly made up of myelinated axons, also called tracts. Long thought to be passive tissue, white matter affects learning and brain functions, modulating the distribution of action potentials, acting as a relay and coordinating communication between different brain regions.

White matter is named for its FMA: Fundamentals of Cognitive Neuroscience: A Beginner's Guide, Second Edition, is a comprehensive, yet accessible, beginner’s guide on cognitive neuroscience.

This text takes a distinctive, commonsense approach to help newcomers easily learn the basics of how the brain functions when we learn, act, feel, speak and socialize. Inin the seventh book of his monumental work, De Humani Corporis Fabrica, the Renaissance anatomist Andreas Vesalius was the first to distinguish clearly between white matter and the gray matter that overlay regions of the cerebral cortex.

1 Only with time, though, did the role of white matter in providing structural and functional. Carol L. Armstrong is a neuropsychologist conducting cognitive neuroscience research.

Her long-term interests are the study of memory and attention, and the cognitive processes affected by white matter disease or injury. Neuroscience and intelligence refers to the various neurological factors that are partly responsible for the variation of intelligence within a species or between different species.

A large amount of research in this area has been focused on the neural basis of human ic approaches to study the neuroscience of intelligence consisted of correlating external head. White Matter Matters. Fashionable Neuroscience Like many papers in our field of cognitive neuroscience, the authors were using the allure of pretty pictures of brain activation to sell a.

White matter lesions (WML) are the main brain imaging surrogate of cerebral small-vessel disease. A new MRI tissue segmentation method, based on a discriminative clustering approach without explicit model-based added prior, detects partial WML volumes, likely representing very early-stage changes in normal-appearing brain tissue.

This study investigated how the Cited by: 7. White matter is critical for normal brain function, and little is known about how white matter develops in humans or how it is related to growth of cognitive skills in early childhood, including.

The world’s population is aging [].Maintaining cognitive function is essential for healthy aging and to function autonomously within society.

With age, the brain undergoes both structural and functional changes [2–5].Specifically, cerebral white matter lesions (WMLs) are prevalent among adults aged 60 years or older [6, 7].These lesions are due to damage to the Cited by:   BEHAVIORAL NEUROLOGY OF WHITE MATTER By Christopher M.

Filley New York: Oxford University Press Price £ pp. ISBN X. The reviewer enjoyed reading this book. It will appeal to those who have an interest in white matter disorders and cognitive and neurobehavioural by: 2. Neuroscience Reviews: White Matter Hyperintensities Ivan Bandovic, Mia P.

Castiglione, Monica Mureb, Yuliya Pecheny, WMH are now associated with progressive cognitive impairment in the elderly (Wardlaw, ).

in Neuroscience from New York University in. Yoon 1,2, I.K. Lyoo 1,2,3, T.S. Kim 1,2, J. Hwang 4, J.E. Kim 5, S. Bae 3, P.F. Renshaw 2.

1 Department of Psychiatry, The Catholic University of Korea, South Korea; 2 The Brain Institute, The University of Utah, United States; 3 Departments of Psychiatry and Interdisciplinary Program in Neuroscience, Seoul National University, South Korea; 4 Department of Psychiatry. The Garland Science website is no longer available to access and you have been automatically redirected to INSTRUCTORS.

All instructor resources (*see Exceptions) are now available on our Instructor instructor credentials will not grant access to the Hub, but existing and new users may request access student .white matter: Brain or spinal cord tissue consisting primarily of myelin-covered axons that extend from nerve cell bodies in the gray matter of the central nervous system.

X Sources from the original Glossary, published inare included here, in addition to new updated sources reflecting the continuing evolution of neuroscience research.Gray matter are cell bodies, white matter are myelinated fiber tracts.

In the brain, the gray matter is basically the cortex, the white matter lies mainly underneath it. The Cortex is the place where all the higher mental processing takes place (Fig. 1). Fig. 1. .